Open IPR Concept
The models to utilize the research from many institutions like Universities, are in most of the cases badly outdated and broken. Leading a big portion of the research to be under utilized as part of feeding new research based innovations. At the same time markets have proven that for the most part the value of innovation comes from successful execution (validation & scaling), not from IPR itself.
Idea or research finding become innovation only after the value have been proven with successfully executed validation.